Science &
Data Analytics

OSS provides detailed mission planning and design expertise for all aspects of mission lifetime - from formulation through implementation to expected execution on orbit, and data analysis.

With experience spanning decades and multiple disciplines, our scientific team utilizes deep understanding and expertise in many aspects of space physics. We produce new interpretations of data and model output, and new insights and discoveries for our customers.

Through our diverse understanding of science, engineering, and data, we provide intelligent solutions to difficult problems across a multitude of fields. From defense and transportation, to space domain awareness and climate change, we produce customized technology and data solutions in a variety of different forms to help people and organizations reach their desired goals.

Orion Space Solutions™ develops software tools to quantify the impact of various measurements for both ionospheric and thermospheric specification. These tools enable vital ‘Analysis of Alternatives’ exercises, and help to maximize the utility of new sensors through Observation System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) simulations.  Millions of dollars in savings can be realized by government acquisition personnel by preventing deployment of unnecessary or redundant sensors.

Real-time ionospheric predictions provide a solution for HF raytracing applications such as communications, surveillance, and geolocation.  Additionally, real-time satellite drag modeling enables accurate satellite orbit prediction and analysis.


Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence 

Orion Space Solutions uses Machine Learning to find connections between data sets that have never been fully explored.

Commercial Weather Data

Orion Space Solutions is performing verification and validation (V&V) of Commercial Weather GNSS RO data for the Air Force, and conducting sensitivity studies for its impact on terrestrial & ionospheric space weather forecasting.

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CHESS is a National Science Foundation Convergence Accelerator Project that is progressing societal resilience to space weather.

CHESS is focused on one of the most important and immediate impacts of space weather disturbances: disruptive and potentially catastrophic induced currents in the electric power grid known as geomagnetically induced currents (GICs).

We serve:

  • Bulk power system operators, planners, and designers;

  • Power system decision makers; and

  • Space weather researchers


Commercial Satellite Data

The availability of operational GNSS radio occultation (RO) and other data from commercial providers is a new and evolving capability. Orion Space Solutions scientists assessed the benefits of commercial RO data, the global impacts of these data on assimilative terrestrial and space weather models, localized terrestrial weather battlefield impacts, and localized space weather battlefield impacts for the USAF. This effort includes characterizing the accuracy, precision, reliability, and quality and calibrations of commercial GNSS radio occultation data against other terrestrial and space weather data and models.



The Dragster simulation environment provides specification and forecasting of satellite drag in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). In the current era of congested space, Dragster provides Government and Industry a tool for improved drag specification for collision avoidance and orbital maneuvers. Dragster is an ensemble assimilation model that fuses and analyzes data from multiple sources to improve space domain awareness, supports multi-domain operations, and generates a sophisticated picture of the battlespace environment.


Orion's TIDDBIT HF sounder is a dual-frequency HF Doppler spaced-array sounding system that can detect and characterize waves propagating through the ionosphere.  Using spaced transmitters and receivers operating at multiple frequencies, this unique instrument resolves both horizontal and vertical wave propagation characteristics.

  • Complete atmospheric wave specification (speed, azimuth, wavelength, and amplitude as a function of period)

  • Realtime operation and visualization of data

  • Available 3-D visualization software to display wave motion

Assimilative Mapping of Ionospheric Electrodynamics (AMIE)

Deriving high latitude electrodynamic parameters through data ingestion.

Ionospheric Data Assimilation Four-Dimensional Model (IDA4D)

Global electron density specification using multiple diverse data sets from GPS TEC, HF radio, in-situ, GPS occultation, and UV remote sensing.

Atmospheric Density Assimilation Model (ADAM)

Under Phase II SBIR development for satellite drag and orbital prediction.

Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances (TIDs)

Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances are always present in the F-region ionosphere, and impact operational systems employing GPS, radar, and radio.

Electron Density

Changes in distribution can delay, advance the phase, and refract (bend) radio signals, with impacts on GNSS navigation, communication, and surveillance systems.

Neutral Density

Changes in thermospheric density create variable satellite drag, adversely affecting space missions.

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Learn more about Orion Space Solutions scientific efforts.